Causes of Swollen Feet and Easy Ways to Overcome It - Swelling in the legs makes it difficult for us to move. Find out what are the causes to avoid disrupting your activities.
In medical science, swollen feet are usually caused by edema or a buildup of fluid in the body, precisely in the legs. Swelling in the legs is affected by a person's health condition. Patients with kidney and heart disease will generally experience foot swelling.
Here are some things that cause swollen legs:
Lymphedema. Medical conditions due to interference with the lymph vessels which inhibit the circulation of fluid in the legs. As a result, fluid builds up and makes the feet swollen.
Injury. Swelling in the legs can occur due to injuries to the feet and ankles. When the ankle is injured or misplaced, the ligament (a flexible band that connects the bone to the bone) will stretch beyond the normal limit. This causes the legs to swell.
Pregnancy. Swollen feet in pregnant women are normal. This happens because the large blood vessels in the groin receive pressure from the unborn baby whose body gets bigger. That is why in the last months of pregnancy there will generally be swelling of the legs.
However, swollen feet in pregnant women still need to watch out for, especially if the calves also swell and leave the grooves when pressed. If this condition occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy, you may have preeclampsia.
In addition, you also need to be vigilant if the swelling only occurs on one leg and the calf is flushed. This can be a symptom of a blood clot in a vein.
Read too: Foods with no Saturated Fat
Infection. Swollen feet due to infection are more often experienced by diabetics and who have nerve problems in the legs. So, if you suffer from the disease, you need to really pay attention to the condition of the foot, especially when there are blisters and sores.
Blood clots. Blood clots in the blood vessels in the legs will result in blocked blood flow from the legs to the heart. Freezing blood can trigger swollen legs.
Have a disease. Swollen feet can indicate that someone has kidney, heart or liver disease. When the kidneys are disrupted or unable to function properly, fluids can accumulate in the legs which result in swelling.
Venous Insufficiency. Swollen feet can be an early symptom of you experiencing venous insufficiency, which is a condition when blood cannot move up from the blood vessels in the legs to the heart. This results in swelling in the legs. If not treated immediately, this condition will cause skin ulcers, infections, and skin changes.
Drug side effects. Some medications can cause swollen feet including diabetes medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressant drugs, steroid drugs, medications for blood pressure, and use of oral contraceptives.
Other causes. Women who are in the menstrual cycle may experience swollen legs. In addition, standing for too long, driving a car or traveling by plane for a long time can also be a trigger factor for swelling in the legs.
Tips for Overcoming Swollen Feet
There are several easy ways you can do to reduce the risk of swelling in the legs.
- Lower your weight if it's excessive.
- Compress with ice cubes wrapped in a towel.
- You can lie down and raise your feet up.
- Reduce salt intake.
- Use compression stockings.
- Avoid standing too long.
- Do light exercise that moves the legs.
- Avoid wearing clothes that are too tight, especially on the thighs.
If the cause of the foot is swollen due to side effects of medication, do not immediately stop taking it without the doctor's permission. You can see your doctor again to ask for an alternative medicine.
If in these ways the condition of your feet does not improve or even worse, you can consult a doctor.