Normal Blood sugar level in the body - Having a normal blood sugar level in the body is very important because it can support the body's performance and keep you healthy. But do you know what normal blood sugar levels you should have?
Actually, normal blood sugar levels do not refer to one standard number. This level of blood sugar levels can change as before and after you eat or also when it's time for you to sleep.
The normal range of blood sugar levels
After eating, your digestive system will break down carbohydrates into sugar or glucose that can be absorbed into the bloodstream. These substances are very important for the energy sources of your body's cells. Blood flows this sugar substance to the body's cells to make it energy.
However, this sugar substance must pass through a 'door' to enter these cells. The hormone responsible for opening the 'door' is insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas. After entering the cell, this sugar substance will be burned into energy that you can use to move. More sugar will be stored in the liver for later use when you lack energy.
Here is the range of normal blood sugar levels in the body:
- Before eating: around 70-130 mg / dL
- Two hours after meals, blood sugar levels: less than 180 mg / dL
- After not eating (fasting) for at least eight hours, blood sugar levels: less than 100 mg / dL
- Bedtime: 100 - 140 mg / dL
Recognizing Signs of Deficiency and Excess Blood Sugar
Maintaining blood sugar levels so that in normal numbers is very important. If Blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or If high (hyperglycemia) can have a negative impact on your body. If your blood sugar is below 70 mg / dL then you experience hypoglycemia. You are said to have hyperglycemia if your blood sugar levels are more than 200 mg / dL.
The effects of too low blood sugar levels include:
- Limp body
- Pale skin
- Difficult to concentrate
- Easy to get angry
- Tingling in the mouth area
- Not able to stand or walk
The effects if too high blood sugar levels include:
- Body weight decreases
- Appetite Increases
- Tired body
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Dry skin, red and hot
- Frequent dental infections
Read too: Food Good For Diabetes Patient
How to Maintain Normal Blood Sugar Levels
To avoid the effects of blood sugar too low or high, let's keep your blood sugar levels within normal limits. Here are the ways you can do:
With exercise routine, you can stabilize blood sugar. Exercise at least 2.5 hours per week regularly. You can train the strength of the muscles of the body because its role in using and storing sugar is very large. This can make blood sugar levels remain normal. But remember, don't overdo physical activity because it can trigger hypoglycemia.
Pay attention to food intake
It is better to limit carbohydrate consumption. The source of carbohydrates that you can choose is sweet potatoes, pasta from whole grains, and brown rice. Other foods that are good for you to consume are nuts such as almonds, salmon, skinless chicken breast, broccoli, spinach, and cinnamon.
Eat on time
Don't skip your meal time, especially breakfast. If this happens, hunger will increase during the next meal. The result is that you will overeat, then increase your blood sugar. Eating three meals a day plus two nutritious snacks between meals can help keep blood sugar normal.
We recommend that you immediately overcome the stress you experience because this condition can make your blood sugar levels increase.
Always have a sweet snack
Always bring sweet snacks like candy to prevent blood sugar levels from dropping dramatically. But don't over-consume it.
To find out normal blood sugar levels, a blood sugar test can be done at the hospital, or if you want to be practical you can buy a blood sugar test kit that can be used at home. However, to monitor blood sugar levels for the past 2 to 3 months, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) tests are needed in the laboratory. We recommend consulting a doctor to find out what type of blood test is needed.