Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a heart failure in pumping the blood supply needed by the body. This is due to abnormalities in the heart muscles so the heart cannot work normally.
During this time, heart failure is described as the condition of a person's heart that stops working, in this case, it is stopped beating. In fact, heart failure means the inability of the heart to pump blood or the inability of the heart to meet the normal blood quota needed by the body.
The Process of Congestive Heart Failure
The heart has four spaces that have their respective tasks, namely the right and left porch at the top, and the right and left chambers at the bottom. Based on the location of the heart room, congestive heart failure can be divided into three types, namely left, right and mixed.
Left congestive heart failure
In patients with congestive heart failure left, ventricular space or left ventricle of the heart does not function properly. This part should drain blood throughout the body through the aorta, then pass it to the arteries.
Because the function of the left ventricle does not run optimally, there is an increase in pressure on the left foyer and surrounding blood vessels. This condition creates a buildup of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema). Furthermore, fluid buildup can also form in the abdominal and leg cavities. This lack of blood flow then interferes with kidney function, so that the body piles up more water and salt than needed.
In some cases, this disease can also not be due to the failure of the left ventricle in pumping blood. The inability of the left ventricle in relaxation also sometimes causes it. Because it is unable to relax, there is a buildup of blood when the heart exerts back pressure to fill the heart space.
Congestive heart failure right
Occurs when the right ventricle of the heart has difficulty pumping blood to the lungs. As a result, blood returns to the veins (veins), causing a buildup of fluid in the stomach and other body parts, such as the legs.
Right congestive heart failure often begins with left congestive heart failure, where there is excessive pressure on the lungs, so the ability of the right side of the heart to pump blood to the lungs is also affected.
Mixed congestive heart failure
Left and right congestive heart failure occur simultaneously.
Read too: Coronary Heart Disease
Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure
There are several symptoms that indicate that a person has congestive heart failure. Although at an early stage, the symptoms may not have an impact on general health conditions, as the condition worsens, the symptoms will become more apparent.
Generally, there are three stages of symptoms that can be seen in someone who has congestive heart failure. The first is the initial symptoms. At this stage, the patient experiences:
- Swelling of the legs and ankles.
- Tired easily, especially after doing physical activity.
- Significant weight gain.
- The more often you want to urinate, especially at night.
If the patient's condition continues to worsen, the following symptoms will appear:
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Coughing due to pulmonary swelling.
- Breath sounds wheezing.
- Shortness of breath because the lungs are filled with fluid. Shortness will also appear when doing the mild physical activity or while lying down.
- It's hard to move because every time you do the light physical activity, your body will feel tired.
Furthermore, congestive heart failure can be said to be severe, if the patient has experienced symptoms such as:
- Running pain in the chest through the upper body, this condition can also indicate a heart attack.
- The skin becomes bluish because the lungs are deprived of oxygen.
- Short and fast breathing.
In conditions of severe congestive heart failure, symptoms will be felt even when the body is resting. At this stage, patients with congestive heart failure will experience difficulties in carrying out daily activities.
What are the Dangers of Congestive Heart Failure Patients?
Someone who has congestive heart failure needs to be aware of the safety of his life. Patients must immediately undergo treatment or will be faced with several risks of complications, including:
Other organ failures
One of the organs that can experience malfunction is the kidneys. This happens because, in patients with congestive heart failure, blood flow to the kidneys will decrease. If not given treatment, it can lead to kidney damage or kidney failure. Fluid buildup can also occur in the liver. When this condition is not treated, liver function can occur.
Heart valve disorders
Congestive heart failure can cause an increase in heart blood pressure. This condition can eventually cause heart valve disorders. Advanced stage congestive heart failure can also cause swelling of the heart or enlarged heart so the function of the heart valve cannot run normally.
Arrhythmia or heart rhythm disorders can be suffered by patients with congestive heart failure. This arrhythmia can occur due to a disturbance in the electrical flow of the heart which functions to regulate rhythm and heart rate. If sufferers of congestive heart failure then suffer from arrhythmia, then they will be at high risk of stroke. Patients are also susceptible to thromboembolism, which is a blockage in the blood vessels due to a loose blood clot.
Sudden cardiac arrest
One of the dangerous complications that need to be watched out for congestive heart failure is the sudden cardiac arrest. When heart function is disrupted and not treated, over time the heart's performance will experience a drastic decrease and the risk of experiencing sudden cardiac arrest. There are several things that cause this condition to occur in congestive heart failure. Among other things, because the heart does not get enough oxygen, there is a nervous disorder that regulates the function of the heart, or due to changes in the shape of the heart.
Overall, chronic heart failure, including congestive heart failure, is a significant contributor to mortality. About 2-3 out of 10 people who suffer from heart failure from the beginning to the middle, die each year. While heart failure is already severe, up to half the number of patients cannot be saved.
If you feel the symptoms of heart problems, especially those that lead to congestive heart failure, you need to see a doctor immediately to prevent further complications.