Hypertension symptoms and causes - Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition when blood pressure is at a value of 130/80 mmHg or more. Circumstances can be dangerous, because the heart is forced to pump blood harder throughout the body so that it can cause various diseases, such as kidney failure, stroke, and heart failure.
How to Measure Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is divided into 2 systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure is the pressure that occurs in the blood when the heart pumps blood to all parts of the body. While diastolic blood pressure is pressure pliers occur when the heart muscle relaxes, before returning to pump blood. In the recording, systolic blood pressure is written earlier than diastolic blood pressure and has a higher number. According to the Association of Heart Doctors in the United States, AHA, in 2017, blood pressure was classified as follows:
Normal: below 120/80 mmHg.
Increases: ranges from 120-129 for systolic pressure and <80 diastolic="" font="" for="" mmhg="" pressure.="">80>
Hypertension level 1: 130/80 mmHg to 139/89 mmHg.
Hypertension level 2: 140/90 or higher.
Hypertension can be said to be a dangerous disease because it can occur without symptoms so it can be found when complications arise. But symptoms can occur when blood pressure is very high. Symptoms that may be caused include:
- A headache
- Vision problems
- Chest pain
- Hard to breathe
- The presence of blood in the urine
Read too: Beware, Shortness of Breath
Hypertension is divided into primary and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is not known as a definite cause. While secondary hypertension is generally caused by various conditions such as:
- Kidney illness
- Thyroid gland disease
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Congenital abnormalities in blood vessels
- Drugs abuse
- Respiratory disorders that occur during sleep (sleep apnea).
- Consumption of certain drugs, such as febrifuge, pain relief, cold cough medicine, or birth control pills.
Most hypertensive sufferers suffer from primary hypertension with no known cause. Some factors that can increase a person's risk of suffering from hypertension include:
- Age. As you get older, your risk of developing hypertension gets bigger. Hypertension in men generally occurs at the age of 45 years, whereas in women it usually occurs over the age of 65 years.
- Descent. Hypertension is susceptible to people from families who have a history of high blood pressure
- Obesity. Increased body weight causes nutrients and oxygen to flow into cells through blood vessels also increases. This results in increased pressure in the blood vessels and heart.
- Eating too much salt or eating too little food containing potassium. This can lead to high sodium in the blood so that the fluid is retained and increases the pressure in the blood vessels.
- Lack of physical activity and exercise. This situation can lead to increased heart rate, so the heart must work harder to pump blood. Lack of activity and exercise can also lead to weight gain, which is a risk factor for hypertension.
- Smoke. Chemicals in cigarettes can make blood vessels narrow, which results in increased pressure in the blood vessels and heart.