What Is Cardiac Catheterization? - Cardiac catheterization is a medical course of action designed to know the condition of Your heart health. The procedure is done to determine the health condition of people who often experience chest pain.
This procedure is most often performed to evaluate the health condition of people who often have chest pain. The possibility of chest pain is a symptom of coronary heart disease. In addition to chest pain, there are many reasons why a doctor performs cardiac catheterization.
Indication Of Cardiac Catheterization
Here are a few uses cardiac catheterization:
- Evaluate blood flow and oxygen in different parts of your heart.
- Knowing the level of strength of the heart muscle when pumping blood throughout the body.
- See how well the performance of the valves of the heart.
- Treating coronary heart disease and heart attacks.
- The right treatment plan. Especially if you are just recovering from a heart attack but still feel chest pain, get the results of a medical examination which showed that You have heart disease, or you are having a heart attack which causes heart is badly damaged.
- Correcting the heart defects with small operations.
- Take samples of the heart muscle to find out if you are exposed to the infection of the heart or a tumor.
- Checking for congenital heart disease in children.
Read too: How the Heart Works
Cardiac Catheterization Procedures
Cardiac catheterization procedure performed by a cardiologist at the hospital. During the undergoing cardiac catheterization, you will still be conscious and able to follow all the direction from your doctor. When will undergo cardiac catheterization procedures, the medical team would inject the sedative drug that will make you feel calm.
Then, do the cleaning process and epilation on the area to be inserted catheter, a tool like the thin flexible hose. Once clean, the doctor will inject a local anesthetic so you don't feel pain during cardiac done.
The process starts with the cardiac make a small hole in the blood vessels, which are followed by the installation of the tube at the holes, to guard the mouth of the hole remains open. Then, the doctor will insert a guide wire from the hole of the blood vessels into the heart space. After that, the catheter is inserted following the Guidewire from the blood vessels to the heart. A guiding wire will be pulled and kicked back, while the catheter is still inside.
Then, the doctor will insert a contrast dye substances into the catheter. The monitor will record Your heart condition that is visible from the trip contrasts dye substances in blood vessels. The results of this recording would appear on the screen monitor operating room making it easier for the doctor to see the State of your heart. Finally, doctors can begin to do a test, treatment, or any action necessary in accordance with the medical condition you.
The time of cardiac catheterization, doctors can also perform coronary angiogram or cardiac angiography. This procedure is done to find out if you have a breakdown on the coronary arteries or not.
After the cardiac catheterization is done, you will be taken to the recovery room for several hours. During his time in this room, you are required to sleep on your back with your legs straight and conditions should not get out of bed. The medical team will then close the cardiac orifice area meetings in order to stop the bleeding. Heart rate, pulse, and blood pressure will also be checked.
The risk that may occur
Each medical action, especially with regard to the heart and blood vessels, certainly has risks. Similarly with cardiac catheterization. Here are some of the risks that may occur:
- The infection.
- Blood clotting.
- Allergic reactions in drugs or substances of contrast.
- The damage to the arteries and heart tissue.
- Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias).
- Kidney damage.
- A heart attack.
- Emboli or the entry of air into the blood vessels.
If you were referred to perform cardiac catheterization by the doctor, prepare yourself as well as possible. Typically, you will be asked to fast for at least six hours before the procedure is performed. If you are taking any medication, consult this issue to doctors. Inform your doctor if you have allergies to medicines or substance whatever, in order to prevent unwanted things, either at the time or after cardiac catheterization.