Gout is a type of arthritis that occurs when you have too much uric acid in your blood, and form sharp crystals in one or more of your joints.
Basically, you can minimize the risk of avoiding gout, including avoiding foods containing high purine levels such as red meat, offal, oily fish, and seafood (seafood). Also avoid sweet drinks that are rich in sugar and also snacks; keep a healthy weight, follow a balanced diet; exercising regularly, try activities that don't interfere with your joints, like swimming; drink lots of water to reduce the risk of developing uric acid crystals in your joints; and reduce drinking alc0h0lic beverages. This diet setting is not a means of treatment but can help reduce symptoms.
What causes gout
Gout causes swelling and pain in the joints, especially in the big toe. This joint inflammation is caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals, which is the body's natural waste.
This uric acid is created when the body breaks down chemicals called purines. Purines can be found in certain foods and are also produced naturally in the body. If your kidneys don't filter enough uric acid, or your body produces too much uric acid, it can turn into crystals. If the Crystal enters the space between the joints, it can cause painful, redness and swelling.
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Guidelines for Food Consumption for Gout Patients
Gout rheumatism can be treated with more eating certain foods to reduce the risk of arthritis due to purine buildup. In addition, you also need to limit the consumption of foods and drinks rich in purines. The following is an example
Foods to avoid with gout
- Red meat: beef, mutton, and duck meat.
- Offal such as liver, brain, kidney, heart.
- Various types of fish such as tuna, sardines, mackerel.
- Marine food.
- Sweet foods and soft drinks that are high in fruit sugar or fructose.
- Foods containing yeast like bread.
- Some vegetables such as spinach, mushrooms, cauliflower, peas, long beans, red beans. These vegetables do contain high purine but do not increase the risk of gout rheumatism.
Foods good for gout
- Fruits, such as oranges, melons, apples.
- Green vegetables, carrots, tomatoes.
- Make sure adequate fluid intake helps reduce crystal formation in the joints. Try to drink mineral water at least 2 liters of water every day. However, you may need as much as 3 to 3.5 liters per day, depending on your weight and also how often you exercise.
- More complex carbohydrate sources such as potatoes and brown rice.
- Eating low-fat dairy products.
In addition to updating food choices, it is important for people with gout rheumatism to maintain their body weight by exercising regularly. This is because the main risk of gout can also be caused by obesity.