Hyperlipidemia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Hyperlipidemia symptomsHyperlipidemia is the medical term for conditions in which lipid or fat levels in the blood increase high or not normal. This condition is very important for you to be aware of. Sometimes symptoms cannot be felt, but the effects, later on, can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, or even death.

Hyperlipidemia is better known as high cholesterol because it is characterized by high cholesterol, triglycerides, or both. These are the two main types of lipids or fats present in the blood.

Hyperlipidemia symptoms

Triglycerides come from extra calories stored by the body and from your food, such as dairy products, meat, high sugar, fructose, and alcoholic food products. While cholesterol is produced naturally in the liver and can be obtained from fatty foods, such as eggs, red meat, and cheese. The cholesterol is further divided into two types, namely good cholesterol (High-Density Lipoprotein / HDL) and bad cholesterol (Low-Density Lipoprotein / LDL).

Cholesterol is a problem when levels of bad cholesterol are too high and good cholesterol levels are too low. Usually, people with hyperlipidemia have too high levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides. Cholesterol and triglyceride levels that are too high can cause blockages or plaques on the walls of blood vessels. Over time, the plaque can expand and clog arteries, causing heart disease and stroke.

Risk Factors for Hyperlipidemia

Hyperlipidemia Causes
There are several factors that can increase a person's risk of experiencing hyperlipidemia, including:

Unhealthy lifestyle

Obesity, eating too much fatty food, smoking habits, consuming too much alcohol, and being lazy to exercise can have a negative effect on your cholesterol levels.

Certain medicines

Birth control pills, diuretic drugs, and some types of antidepressants are also known to affect your cholesterol levels.

Certain health conditions

Abnormal cholesterol levels can be found in pregnant women and people suffering from certain diseases, such as diabetes, kidney disease, thyroid disorders, and polycystic ovary syndrome.


Hyperlipidemia can also be genetic or hereditary. Generally, people with hereditary hyperlipidemia have high cholesterol and triglyceride levels since age. This condition increases the risk of early coronary heart disease and heart attack. Symptoms can be felt in a number of years, such as chest pain, mild heart attack, cramps in the calves when walking, wounds on the toes that do not heal, and symptoms of stroke.

Hyperlipidemia Symptoms

hyperlipidemia diagnosis
Hyperlipidemia shows almost no signs and symptoms. But in hereditary hyperlipidemia, symptoms can appear such as yellowish fat growth around the eyes and joints.

To ascertain hyperlipidemia, a blood test called a fat profile or lipid panel must be done. The results of this examination will show total cholesterol levels, triglyceride levels, levels of good cholesterol and bad cholesterol.

Normal cholesterol levels for each person varies depending on history and health conditions. The normal total cholesterol level is below 200 mg / dL and can be said to be high if it exceeds 240 mg / dL. LDL levels are considered normal if they range from 100 - 129 mg / dL, and are very high if they exceed 190 mg / dL. Normal triglyceride levels are below 150 mg / dL and are included in the high category if they exceed 200 mg / dL.

How to treat hyperlipidemia

Treatment of hyperlipidemia can vary. Most cases of hyperlipidemia can be overcome by changing and improving lifestyle. In some cases, hyperlipidemia must be treated by taking medical drugs. Here are some ways to reduce cholesterol levels too high:

Applying a healthy lifestyle

Living a healthy lifestyle and healthy diet with a low-fat and fiber-rich menu, maintaining weight, exercising diligently, stopping smoking, and limiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages, can lower your cholesterol levels.

Medical medicine

There are several types of drugs to treat hyperlipidemia. Cholesterol drugs that are often prescribed by doctors are statins. This drug is effective for lowering cholesterol levels in the blood. Nicotinic acid can also reduce bad cholesterol and high triglyceride levels. Fibrates are another type of drug to reduce triglyceride levels and increase levels of good cholesterol. There are also new types of drugs that can inhibit the absorption of cholesterol from food, the drug is called a barrier to the absorption of selective cholesterol (selective cholesterol absorption inhibitor).

To overcome hyperlipidemia, in addition to living a healthy lifestyle, you need to routinely do regular blood tests to monitor fat levels in the body. You can also consult with a doctor to determine the right treatment for hyperlipidemia according to your condition.

Read too:
High Cholesterol Foods
Coronary Heart Disease