Non-hemorrhagic stroke is a disease caused by a blockage in the blood flow in the brain. types of stroke, namely hemorrhagic stroke and non-hemorrhagic stroke or what is known as ischemic stroke. Whatever the type, stroke is a medical emergency that needs immediate treatment. Nonhemorrhagic stroke is the most common type of stroke.
The stroke occurs when the blood supply to the part of the brain is severed or greatly reduced. If this happens, then within minutes the brain cell will start to die. Many factors can increase your risk of stroke, for example:
- Being overweight (overweight), or obese.
- Rarely move or exercise.
- The habit of drinking alc0h0lic beverages.
- Sm0king habit.
- Use of various types of illegal drugs, such as methamphetamine and c0caine.
- Have certain diseases, such a: heart rhythm disorders, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
- Have a history of stroke in the family.
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Causes and Symptoms of Non-Hemorrhagic Stroke
Different types, of course,e different causes, and handling between hemorrhagic stroke with non-hemorrhagic stroke. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when blood vessels in the brain rupture, causing bleeding. Blood leaking due to rupture of blood vessels will suppress brain cells and damage them.
While non-hemorrhagic or ischemic strokes have two possible causes. The first cause, which is a blood clot that forms in the blood vessels in your brain. The second cause is a clot that forms elsewhere and is carried through the blood vessels to the brain. These blood clots can stop the flow of blood to certain parts of the brain. Non-hemorrhagic stroke is the most common type of stroke, which is about 87 percent of all stroke cases.
Non-hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke symptoms depend on which part of the brain is affected. Some of these symptoms include:
- Numbness or weakness in the face, arms or legs suddenly. Often on one side of the body, but can also occur on both sides of the body.
- Experience confusion.
- There is a disruption in speaking or understanding the words of others.
- Dizziness, headache, loss of balance or coordination, and difficulty walking.
- Blurred or double vision.
If you find any of these symptoms, hurry to the nearest hospital to get a medical examination and treatment from the doctor.
Non-Hemorrhagic Stroke Treatment
Treatment for stroke depends on several things, such as the type of stroke and how long the disease lasts. The sooner you seek help after a stroke, the more likely you will experience recovery. For non-hemorrhagic ischemic stroke or stroke, treatment often depends also on the health history of each person.
If it hasn't reached three hours since the beginning of the attack, the doctor will likely give a tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) medication. This drug is given through an IV tube which can dissolve the clot causing the stroke. However, not everyone can receive a landfill, because there is a risk of bleeding.
In addition, another treatment that can be done is to improve blocked blood flow in the brain with stenting procedures. The study showed that non-hemorrhagic stroke patients who underwent stenting procedures plus TPA drug administration experienced significant improvement in conditions. However, this procedure needs to be carried out according to the consideration of a neurologist.
Both non-hemorrhagic and hemorrhagic strokes need to be treated and observed by doctors in the hospital. To determine the type of stroke suffered, the doctor will perform a physical and neurological examination of the patient, and ensure the type of stroke with investigations such as brain CT scans.
Handling in the hospital can be in the form of observing the patient's condition strictly, giving oxygen if needed, administering intravenous fluids, and administering drugs according to the type of stroke.
Stroke cannot be underestimated. The best way to avoid yourself from a stroke, whether this type of hemorrhagic stroke or non-hemorrhagic stroke is to eat healthy foods, exercise regularly, avoid sm0king, and also alc0h0lic beverages.
If you or your family has a non-hemorrhagic stroke or a hemorrhagic stroke, immediately seek help at the hospital to prevent continuing complications. The sooner medical treatment is obtained, the better the impact will be obtained.