Women health screening - screening is a health check carried out to assess whether a person has a risk factor for a health problem. Screening aims to provide information as well as appropriate treatment if there is a risk of certain diseases. For women, there are several health screenings that need to be done.
Screening is done, can vary for each woman, according to needs. This depends on age, personal and family health history, as well as other risk factors that may exist, such as weight, occupation, and environmental conditions or place of residence.
Women health screening who need to do
Various Screening for Women
Here is some health screening that should be done by women:
Screening blood pressure
Blood pressure testing or screening is done to determine blood pressure, to monitor the risk of hypertension. Women starting at 20 years are advised to have blood pressure checked at least every two years. In women aged 40 years and over, it is necessary to regularly check blood pressure, especially if you have risk factors for hypertension, such as obesity. This examination is also important for pregnant women, to avoid the risk of preeclampsia and eclampsia.
Do not underestimate cholesterol levels that have exceeded the threshold. From the age of 20 years, women are advised to regularly check cholesterol levels in the blood. This is related to the risk of coronary heart disease. Perform cholesterol screening at least once every five years. If you are over 45 years old, this screening needs to be done more importantly. Because the risk of heart disease will increase with age.
Screening for breast cancer
This screening aims to check whether you have signs of breast cancer or not, including whether you are at risk or not. Your doctor will ask for your explanation regarding the history of breast cancer in the family. If there are families who have experienced it, then you have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. By screening, you can consult with your doctor about genetic factors that allow you to get this disease. Screening for breast examination consists of two examinations, namely physical examination and mammography or ultrasound. You can also do your own breast examination (BSE), as one way of early detection that can be done regularly every day.
Mammography is still a series of examinations in the breast to detect breast cancer. Women aged 40-49 years are advised to do mammography every 1-2 years, as well as women aged 50-75 years. However, if a family member has had breast cancer, the risk factor is higher. If you have a high-risk factor, it is advisable to undergo mammography once a year.
A mammographic procedure is performed using a low-dose x-ray directed to the breast. This examination is very helpful in detecting breast cancer as early as possible.
This is screening to detect cervical cancer. This screening should be carried out by women aged 21 years and over, especially for women who have been sexually active. During a pap smear, the doctor will take a cell sample from the cervix, then check it in a laboratory to detect whether or not there is cancer or pre-cancerous cells. Pap smears are recommended at least every five years if you are 30 years and older.
Benefits and risks of conducting health screening
You can do the health screening for women as part of a medical check-up. This is useful for detecting various health problems from an early age, even before the onset of symptoms. Thus, you can get treatment faster, so the success rate of treatment given is also higher. Conducting health screening as recommended will increase awareness and awareness of the importance of a healthy lifestyle.
Although not always, health screening can sometimes produce ambiguous results, which may be confusing. Some health screening results may also cause anxiety, especially if the results show you have a condition or disease that requires special treatment. But, with the right inspection steps under the supervision of a doctor and carried out according to need, health screening can actually help improve the quality of your life.
A variety of health screening for women can make you know your health better, and detect diseases before they are severe. Perform regular health screening according to your doctor's advice.