Safe food choices for diabetes - The right diet is very important for people with diabetes mellitus or often referred to as a sugar disease. But what is equally important is knowing the diet or food choices that can counteract the condition.
Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects the body's performance in utilizing glucose or blood sugar. Glucose is very important for the body as an energy source for every cell such as the brain, heart, and muscles. To utilize glucose, the body needs the hormone insulin. But in diabetics, the body cannot produce insulin or insulin cannot function properly.
Types of Diabetes
If someone has diabetes, it means that the body is not effective in burning blood sugar into energy so it is excessive in the blood. This can lead to serious health problems.
There are two types of diabetes, namely:
- Type 1 diabetes, the body's condition does not produce insulin at all. It is estimated that only about 10 percent of diabetes cases worldwide.
- Type 2 diabetes, the body's condition cannot produce enough insulin to function properly. 90 percent of diabetics fall into the type 2 diabetes group.
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What Is Included in Diabetes-Friendly Foods?
It is important for diabetics to maintain a healthy diet that is rich in nutrients, low in fat and calories, with fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. The diet plays a role in the development of this disease and the effectiveness of the treatment that patients undergo.
For most type 2 diabetics, weight loss can also help control blood sugar and bring a variety of other health benefits.
The following types of food should be consumed
- Complex carbohydrates. Try to focus on healthier carbohydrate sources such as fruits, whole grains, nuts, and low-fat dairy products. Reduce refined carbohydrates such as white bread and white rice, because it can increase blood sugar levels quickly.
- Lean fish and meat. High protein content in meat does not affect blood sugar levels like carbohydrates. When consumed with sufficient portions, fish meat, skinless chicken breast, and low-fat meat are the right choice for diabetics.
- Fiber-rich foods. Fiber can reduce the risk of heart disease and help control blood sugar levels, such as vegetables, fruit, nuts, wheat flour, and rice with the epidermis.
- Healthy fats and proteins. Avoid red meat and meat from the process. A diet that contains unsaturated fats can reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease. Canola oil and olive oil are excellent choices of fat, as are fats in avocados, nuts, and seeds.
- Cinnamon. This herb is called having an effect similar to insulin and helps reduce blood sugar levels in diabetics. Researchers in Germany in a study concluded that cinnamon extract appeared to have a moderate effect in reducing blood sugar levels in diabetic patients. However, further research is still needed.
Substitutes for Sugar and Artificial Sweeteners
Diabetics must choose the right foods, especially those that have something to do with sugar or sweet foods. The goal is to control blood sugar levels so they don't soar. If you want to consume sugar, you can consider substitutes for sugar or artificial sweeteners.
Unlike natural sugars which are carbohydrates, artificial sweeteners have been designed in the laboratory so they do not contain calories and do not make blood sugar levels rise.
Some sugar substitutes or artificial sweeteners that can be consumed by diabetics are:
Can be added to hot or cold foods, but if added to high-temperature foods, the aspartame taste becomes less sweet. Although it can be consumed by diabetics, you still have to comply with the rules of use. In addition, know for sure your condition, because aspartame is dangerous for people with genetic disorders such as phenylketonuria.
This substance is usually found in cakes, fruit juices, syrup, food, and soft drinks. Although safe for diabetics, you should still limit consumption of these sweeteners.
Saccharin can be added to hot and cold foods. This substance may be consumed by diabetics but avoid saccharin during pregnancy and lactation.
Usually found in processed foods. Can be consumed in cold or hot conditions.
Just like sucralose, acesulfame is commonly used in processed foods such as baked or cooked. This substance can also be used in hot and cold foods.
Controlling blood sugar levels for diabetics can be done by paying more attention to food intake and taking medication. You can still eat sweet foods by adding artificial sweeteners, provided they are not excessive. Consultation with the doctor for the right diet for your condition, including the consumption of the medication needed.